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who owns the oil sands in alberta

The United States produces 816,715 barrels and upgrades 285,390 barrels a day, which is 23.6% of the production and 18.1% of the upgrading capacity. As noted earlier, Canada’s fossil fuel industry is dominated by a handful of major players. Together they have mining operations capable of producing over 1.5 million barrels of oil a day and have construction projects that may produce up to 285,000 barrels of oil a day. 1,572,500 = 18.1%. In this capacity, on December 14, 1929, Stewart was present alongside King and Alberta premier J. E. Brownlee at the signing of the agreement whereby the federal government transferred control of Alberta’s natural resources to the provincial government. Virtually everyone is approved! Re-vegetation of this well-drained landscape created an open, productive ecosystem that was extremely attractive to big game animals and their ancient hunters. One number that took us by surprise was the Chinese ownership or lack thereof. As the resource owner, governments—federal and provincial—have taken a keen interest in oil sands development as a way to generate public revenue, to encourage petroleum production in times of war or perceived shortage, to help stimulate the economy and achieve economic diversification, and to reach energy self-sufficiency. an ideal material for crafting spearpoints and other tools. Charles Stewart, former premier of Alberta, participated in the process after joining the federal cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King as Minister of the Interior and Mines. Source: University of Alberta, 84-25-132, The completed Alberta Government Oil Sands Project plant, ca. Source: University of Alberta Archives, 77-128-13, Max Ball, ca. Twenty thousand years ago, most of present-day Canada lay frozen under the enormous Laurentide and Cordilleran ice sheets. As demonstrated by the Alberta-Ottawa “energy wars” of the 1970s, resource ownership has been one of the most contentious issues related to the oil sands. Source: Provincial Archives of Alberta, PR1971.0356.544a,b.ProspectusOf.IBC.1, Karl Clark’s third model plant is relocated to the Clearwater River. Suncor, Syncrude, Shell Albian Sands, Imperial Oil and Canadian Natural Resources. Suncor. Echoes of the ancient history of the oil sands may be detected today, as the same flood that stripped off layers of sediment to reveal outcroppings of sandstone well-suited to ancient tool manufacture also revealed the thick exposures of oil sands so central to modern industry. There is also 1,572,500 barrels that will be upgraded daily. Finally, in 1930, the federal government and the three Prairie provinces came to an understanding that resulted in the transfer of ownership to the provinces. 1900 Source: Glenbow Archives, PA-3920-1, Sidney Ells at Clearwater River tar sands plant, August 1931 Source: Canada. In the 1920s, the resource ownership question resulted in a series of federal-provincial conferences. Source: Provincial Archives of Alberta, J3672.2, A map of Alberta shows AOSTRA/industry in situ pilot projects that emerge in the 1970s and 1980s Source: Courtesy of Alberta Innovates, A news story published in the Winnipeg Tribune on February 4, 1975, reports the anticipated agreement that enables completion of the Syncrude consortium’s mega-project. Together, the … Ottawa’s control over western resources was affirmed under the Manitoba Act of 1870, the Northwest Territories Act of 1875 and by the Acts creating the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905. When Alberta became a province in 1905, the Dominion government … thousands of kilometres. In 2012, the capacity of the southbound feeder lines was over 300,0… For country ownership, we factored in minority stakes in individual projects and in individual companies. Source: The Winnipeg Tribune. Home Trust Secured VISA Dept. We considered all subsidiary companies to be located in the parent's company's country. 1940 Source: University of Alberta Archives, 89-120-008, Abasand Oils Ltd. plant, ca. Tar Sands, Athabasca River, Alberta, n.d.Source: Geological Survey of Canada/Library and Archives Canada, PA-038166, Drilling plant at Victoria, Alberta, 1898 Source: Glenbow Archives, NA-302-11, Alfred von Hammerstein on horseback, ca. We removed the companies that only had test projects running or under construction with less 7,000 barrels of daily production. The largest of these was glacial Lake Agassiz, a gigantic body of water encompassing an area of hundreds of. The share of Canadian companies production is 2,169,911 barrels of production and 1,173,360 upgrading capacity or 62.6% of the overall production and 73% of the upgrading capacity. We only took into consideration the projects that are currently operating or have started construction. Crude bitumen production (mined and in situ) totaled about 2.8 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2017. Approximately 13,000 years ago, the banks of the lake were breached. Canadian federalism forms the functions and roles of each level of government, in that constitutional power is split so that neither is superior to the other. Although the oil sands have now become an essential economic commodity, they were little more than a curiosity to the fur traders. Our numbers came directly from the oil sands projects page from the Alberta government. Other notable countries is 7.3% for China and 1.6% for the Netherlands. 1960s, later sells most of his shares in the company before the GCOS plant opens under Sun Oil Company’s financing and leadership.Source: University of Alberta Archives, #83-160, A cross-section of the Cold Lake area deposit shows the depth of the oil sands layer that makes the bitumen in this deposit recoverable only through in situ extraction methods. The transfer agreement symbolized the dawn of a new era for Alberta—one that would eventually allow the province to invest in the oil sands to the benefit of its own interests. Before signing up for any mortgage and/or credit card, please verify the rates and terms by the credit provider. 1900 Source: Glenbow Archives, PA-3920-1, Sidney Ells at Clearwater River tar sands plant, August 1931 Source: Canada. Suncor (Total does have a 29.2% stake in the upcoming Fort Hills Mine), … © 1995 - 2020 Government of Alberta  |   Copyright and Disclaimer  |   Privacy  |   Accessibility. We didn't want to guess which companies were capable and/or willing to go ahead with their plans. The smaller mines produce up to 100,000 barrels a day, while the largest mines can produce almost 300,000 barrels of oil in a day. The former would become an essential resource for ancient lifeways, the latter for modern industry. Most of the feeder pipelines move blended bitumen or SCO southbound and diluent northbound, but a few move product laterally within the oil sands region. Source: University of Alberta Archives, 69-152-003, Karl Clark and Sidney Blair built a model oil sands separation plant in the basement of the University of Alberta power plant. Champion, shown here ca. Source: Courtesy of Alberta Innovates, A diagram of AOSTRA’s Underground Test Facility operations Source: Courtesy of Alberta Innovates, Given the enormous machines that currently operate in Alberta’s oil sands, it is perhaps appropriate that the contemporary landscape of the region was shaped by an event of truly epic proportions. But to many westerners this provision sparked outrage since it relegated their provinces to a second-class status within Confederation. Sidney Ells is placed in charge of mining operations. Source: Courtesy of Alberta Innovates, Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. plant during its first week of operation, north of Fort McMurray, Alberta, 1967 Source: Courtesy of Suncor, Canada’s Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau and Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed, November 1, 1977; Trudeau and Lougheed clash over oil sands ownership, export taxation and natural resource revenue sharing arrangements. of Mines and Technical Surveys/Library and Archives Canada, PA-014454, View of demonstration experimental pavement laid in Edmonton, Alberta, 1915 Source: Provincial Archives of Alberta, A3399, Henry Marshall Tory, the first president of the University of Alberta, was instrumental in founding the Scientific and Industrial Research Council of Alberta, n.d. ConocoPhilips Canada Oil Sands Operations. Alberta's oil sands’ proven reserves equal about 165.4 billion barrels (bbl). A network of gathering and feeder pipelines collects crude bitumen and SCO from Alberta's northern oil sands deposits (primarily Athabasca, Cold Lake, and Peace River), and feeds them into two main collection points for southbound deliveries: Edmonton, Alberta and Hardisty, Alberta.

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