In 2009, Russia′s prime minister Vladimir Putin proposed the Blue Stream II line parallel to the original pipeline.
On May 7, 2017, construction of the TurkStream gas pipeline was commenced in the Black Sea near the Russian coast.
A second pipeline, TurkStream 2, is intended for the European market. The first section of the gas pipeline will serve Turkish consumers, while the second section will ensure reliable gas supplies to consumers in the south and south-east regions of Europe.  Alternatively, the second line will continue from Kıyıköy to Malkoçlar on the Turkey–Bulgaria border, where it will be connected to the existing Trans-Balkan pipeline system.  The Serbian part of the gas transport route begins near Zajecar on the Bulgaria–Serbia border and cross the Serbia–Hungary border near Horgoš.
The TurkStream Offshore Gas pipeline is the largest system ever laid at depths as low as 2,200 metres.
“The pipeline will have the throughput capacity of 31.5 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas a year and is scheduled to become operational by the end of 2019.”, Gazprom, and Botas Petroleum Pipeline Corporation, South Stream Transport, Allseas Group, and OMK, Download our 2019 Technology, Media and Telecoms Predictions Report. , Gazprom began shipping gas via TurkStream, including to Bulgaria and North Macedonia, on 1 January 2020, replacing supplies via the Trans-Balkan pipeline through Ukraine and Romania.
Each string of the new gas pipeline will transfer 15.75bcm of gas a year to Turkey and its border with Greece, where a new delivery point will be created.
 The offshore section of the pipeline was filled with gas in November 2019. The pipeline starts near the Russian coastal town of Anapa and makes landfall at the Thrace region in Turkey.
Pioneering Spirit, world's largest construction vessel, employed to build deep-water section of TurkStream gas pipeline. TurkStream is a project that advances the technical boundaries of the industry: TurkStream is the first system with a diameter of 81 centimeters laid at depths exceeding 2 kilometers.  Pipes have a wall thickness of 39 mm (1.5 in) and a concrete coating of 80 mm (3.1 in). Gazprom and Turkey’s Botas Petroleum Pipeline Corp. are the owners. Pneumofore provides comprehensive technical support and after-sales services to ensure the consistent high-performance and prolonged service-life of its solutions long after installation.
We also share information about your use of our site with our analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. As Europe’s domestic gas supplies decline, the region is becoming more dependent on imported fuel.
For Gazprom the preferable option is to export gas from the second line to Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Slovakia, and Austria. Grand opening ceremony for TurkStream gas pipeline attended by Vladimir Putin, President of Russian Federation, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Republic of Turkey, Aleksandar Vucic, President of Republic of Serbia, Boyko Borissov, Prime Minister of Republic of Bulgaria, Alexander Novak, Minister of Energy of Russian Federation, Fatih Donmez, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey and Alexey Miller.  Both lines are using pipes with an outer diameter of 810 mm (32 in), manufactured by Europipe GmbH of Germany, Vyksa Steel Works of OMK and Izhora Pipe Mill of Severstal of Russia, and a consortium of Marubeni, Itochu and Sumitomo of Japan.
“It’s an attempt to force Europeans to buy more expensive gas under less attractive conditions,” Peskov told reporters Thursday, adding that the Kremlin viewed it as an example of unfair competition. The almost 10 billion-euro ($11 billion) Nord Stream 2 project from Russia to Germany is being financed by companies including Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Germany’s Uniper SE and Wintershall AG and France’s Engie SA. The first string of the pipeline is intended for Turkish consumers, while the second string will deliver gas to southern and southeastern Europe. The contract also includes an option to carry out the laying of the second section.
The Alchemy Of Finance Epub, Kusa Kanji Meaning, Where To Find Honest Reviews, Grant's Farm Parking Coupon 2019, St Columba's College Address, Fox 5 Channel, Student Election Clerk Application And Permission Form, Challenger Review Netflix, Chiniot Map, Ryan Donowho Height, Youtube Coco Vtuber, Red Imported Fire Ant Impact On Ecosystem, Ian Rapoport Manscaped, Death In The Deep South, Roscoes Wetsuit Mixtape, Weather Lake Charles, La, Fir Filter Tutorialspoint, Wish Lyrics Denzel, Heavy Montréal Schedule 2019, Effects Of Residential Segregation, Lolo Contraceptive, Wavy Company, Bassin’s Black Bass With Hank Parker, Palace Of Whitehall, Carlos Cabrera Actor Peruano, New York Address Generator, Almaz Stone, Bhisham Sahni Age, Strasbourg Fc Table, What Difference Does It Make Chords, What Happens If You Leave A Wasp Nest,