They are also known as paper wasps, which is a misleading term since other wasps (including yellow jackets) also build nests out of paper, and because some epiponine wasps (e.g., Polybia emaciata) build theirs out of mud, nonetheless, the name "paper wasp" seems to apply mostly, but not exclusively, to the Polistinae, especially the Polistini. Polybia emaciata nests are more durable than similarly sized paper nests. They are also known as paper wasps, which is a misleading term, since other wasps (including yellowjackets) also build nests out of paper, and because some epiponine wasps (e.g., Polybia emaciata) build theirs out of mud, nonetheless, the name "paper wasp" seems to apply mostly, but not exclusively, to the Polistinae, especially the Polistini. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! a. We also collected data opportunistically from P. emaciata colonies in situ in 1990 and again in 1998. Wikipedia, Swarm-founding advanced eusocial wasp. Richards (1978) collected a P. emaciata colony in Brazil, and the wasps did not exit the nest until 1.5 h after it was collected. Schremmer (1984) analyzed the water repellent properties of P. emaciata nest material. Try rewording it and vary the sentence structure. I rewrote the Nests section for clarity, and under Behavior I added a link for kin selection. More words to other Wikipedia pages, 6. However a big weakness was in the grammar. For instance, the introductory sentence of the ‘Description and identification’ section was a little repetitive and wordy, so I edited the sentences so they would be more concise and have more clarity. The article when I first read it also lacked linked words, so I added a few, especially in areas where I felt big vocabulary concepts could use the back-referral. Pagka karon wala pay … | The latter exit the nest and attack, while P. emaciata workers typically fled or entered the nest, attacking only after repeated and extended disturbances. We thank Annette Aiello, Frank Joyce, and Donald Windsor for helpful discussions of tropical social wasp behavior and ecology. Wikipedia. Among eusocial insects, paper wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) are notable for the diversity of their nest architecture (Jeanne, 1975; Wenzel, 1991). Polybia emaciata is a neotropical swarm founding wasp that is mainly found in South America. If it is not common knowledge, there needs to be an inline citation indicating the correct source. Swarm-founding means that a swarm of these wasps find a nesting site and build the nest together. Based on forager traffic and on the numbers of wasps exiting the nests during attacks, we estimated that each colony contained several hundred adults.